INTRODUCTION

When I started reading about George he was just another hyped footballer. But reading the contemporary records shows George as a determined player and one who left a memory for those who watched him. One of these was South Melbourne Premiership Captain Jack Bisset.

In 1934 Jack Bisset was captain of South Melbourne Football Club, the reigning VFL premiership team. His team included stars such as Laurie Nash and Bob Pratt. Bisset had played with or against a range of stars from the era from the Colliers and Coventry’s to Haydn Bunton, Ivor Warne-Smith, Allan Hopkins, Stan Judkins among others. Now standing in front of a group of young men he nominated his best player ever seen...... as ‘George Ogilvie’. “Bunton is one of the best, but he is below the standard of Ogilvie”.

The crowd were not partisan Port Melbourne Supporters expecting one of their own to be nominated, instead they were a young men’s team. Jack Bissett had played with George Ogilvie when they were both at Port Melbourne around 1923-24 and it seems Ogilvie’s impression was long lasting even after Jack’s years in the VFL.

Record Emerald Hill8-Sep-1934 p1
Record Emerald Hill8-Sep-1934 p1


Jack Bisset’s comments have not been the only accolades for George Ogilvie. George was also one of the inaugural inductees into the Bendigo Football League hall of Fame in 1986. 1

The George Ogilvie Trophy is awarded to the winning captain in Echuca versus Rochester games.

In 1938 the local paper interviewed an un-named official who was proud of their new team, calling it the strongest team since the ‘Ogilvie Watson Era”. 2

Further reading showed that in the 1947, the ‘Record’, a local Port Melbourne Newspaper, created a popularity contest for readers to vote each week. This best and fairest trophy was named the “George Ogilvie Trophy”. Ogilvie played only 42 games with Port and the club had a raft or champions and captains that the award could have been named after. Again this demonstrates the impact that George Ogilvie had.

Record Emerald Hill 20-Sep-1947 p3 Trophy Winner
Record Emerald Hill 20-Sep-1947 p3 Trophy Winner


George’s story is a lively one and when finished, Jack Bissets words may make more sense.


GEORGE OGILVIE SENIOR


Career Summary

Bendigo (BdFL) 1897, 1898, 1899
South Bendigo (BdFL) 1895, 1896, 1899*, 1900*-1901, 1903, 1904*, 1905*
Umpire (BdFL) 1902
Long Gully* (BNDFL) and Bendigo (BdFL) 1906
Long Gully (BdFL) 1907*-1908
Footscray (VFA) 1909,1910,1911, 1912 (Runners up)
Yarraville (VJFA 1913 Playing coach (Runners up)

(*Premiership Seasons)

Represented BdFL v VFL 1897, VFA v SA 1911


Like Bob Skilton Senior and Ron Barassi Senior, George Ogilvie's father shared the same name, and was also a brilliant footballer in his own right.

George Senior was born in Bendigo in 1876, and George was a young 19 year old in 1895 when he first Joined South Bendigo in the Bendigo League.3

1895-1908 Bendigo League

In the late 19th and early 20th century Bendigo still had strong mining connections and the football was hard and tough. Like many places the late 1890's football was chaos. In 1895 the Bendigo Association had five clubs all local around the town. By 1907 only two of these teams (Eaglehawk and South Bendigo) would survive, and of the four newcomers within that time, none would survive past 1913.

In 1898 North Bendigo failed to start the season, in 1901 Sandhurst started the season but dissolved mid season, after a number of disputes Eaglehawk left the competition in 1904 to try and build a rival league based in their township (didn't work and they were back in 1905).

But chaos reigned in 1906 when the Association imploded due the enforcement of suspensions. Reigning premiers South Bendigo and newcomers California Gully formed their own competition, the Bendigo and Northern District Association, bringing in other junior teams, while the remaining three teams in the old League collapsed. The Bendigo club, one of the 1882 foundation clubs dissolved, while the others barely played a game and West Bendigo dissolved midway through the 1907 season.

Of the new clubs the gold mining township of Long Gully was the most successful, winning the breakaway premiership in 1906 and then winning the reconstituted Bendigo Association Premiership in 1907. It would not be until after the First World War when a reconstituted Sandhurst club and the entry of regional clubs such as Rochester (1923), Echuca (1924) and Castlemaine (1925) brought stability and strength to the League.

George’s football career reflects this chaos. He played for South Bendigo in 1895 before moving to Bendigo in the late 1890’s, transferring back to South Bendigo in 1899.

In 1897 George Senior played for the Bendigo League against the newly formed VFL.4

This was the VFL’s first ever representative game but unfortunately the game was a poor one. Somehow the Bendigo League only selected two of their twenty from the Eaglehawk club. An odd omission when you consider that Eaglehawk were premiers five times in a row from 1894 to 1898. As a result Eaglehawk pulled all their players from the interleague game, which then resulted in a one sided contest.5

1897 was also important for George as he married Annie. George Junior was born in 1899. Some records say Bendigo and others say Yarraville in Melbourne. (One explanation may be that George Junior was born at a relative's home in Yarraville, but had the birth registered in Bendigo)

After Eaglehawk’s era, South Bendigo, with George in the team, were a huge force over the next years winning the clubs first premiership in 1899 and then backing it up winning again in 1900,1902, 1904, 1905. George played for the club in four of those premiership years, missing 1902 when he spent a year acting as an umpire.

Privately, as a hotelkeeper in Long Gully he became insolvent in 1903 due to pressure from creditors, not uncommon in those days, and other documents show he worked as a miner.

Bendigonian 18-Sep-1900 p6 - South Bendigo
Bendigonian 18-Sep-1900 p6 - South Bendigo


George Ogilvie - 1905 Standard Cigarettes - Source: Australian Rules Football Cards
George Ogilvie - 1905 Standard Cigarettes - Source: Australian Rules Football Cards

In 1905 Standard cigarettes produced a series of football cards featuring the Ballarat and Bendigo Leagues. George was one of the eight Bendigo League players to get the nod, now immortalising him for card collectors everywhere. Others to get cards included Fred Jinks from Eaglehawk (later Carlton, North Melbourne and Port Melbourne) and Joe Canavan from South Bendigo (Previously South Melbourne and later Melbourne).

Jinks moved to California Gully in the breakaway league in 1906, but by mid year had started playing in Melbourne and soon made a name for himself at Carlton, . At this time the Bendigo League, like many country leagues played on the Wednesday half holiday, allowing dedicated footballers to play in both city and country at the same time.


Bendigonian 31-Oct-1905 p9 South Bendigo
Bendigonian 31-Oct-1905 p9 South Bendigo


In the football turmoil of 1906, George transferred to the local Long Gully team, and played with Long Gully in their 1906 and 1907 premiership years. Toward the end of the 1907 season he was disqualified as were an Eaglehawk player for fighting.6

In early 1909, there was a personal catastrophe as the family home burned down after an accident with a candle.7 The family lost their home and most of their possessions. Rather than rebuild in Bendigo the Oglivie’s made the decision to move to Melbourne, into the working class suburb of Yarraville.


1909-1913 Footscray and Yarraville

At the 1909 Annual Meeting of the Long Gully Club the meeting noted "Reference was made to the loss the club would sustain by the departure of G.Ogilvie this season, he having gone to the metropolis to reside and would be donning the colors for Footscray in the future. He carries with him the club's best wishes."8

Already a veteran of 14 years of hard football, George was soon playing with the reigning VFA premiers Footscray where he played for four years. George was a key follower in the Footscray team and immediately successful.

George featured prominently in Footscray games dominating in the ruck. Though solid and determined, there are a number of mentions of wayward goal kicking. Mentions of George as best on ground, or mentions of his popularity were common. "Ogilvie was Footscray's best man"9, "They were largely in debted for their success to the brilliancy of Ogilvie following.." 10 or "G. Ogilvie made his first appearance for the season. The veteran showed he was still a power to be reckoned with in the football arena.""11. A report from the Argus of a Footscray v Essendon game provide a good picture of George in action:

Argus 8-Jun-1909 p6
Argus 8-Jun-1909 p6


In 1910 after turmoil within Carlton, Fred Jinks, once a rival in the Bendigo League, was now a rival in the VFA, playing with North Melbourne and later at Port Melbourne.

In 1911 George represented the VFA in both of the Victoria v South Australia games where he was one of the best Victorians on the ground in each game.12 13 14 The second game resulted in a victory for Victoria.

VFA Interstate Team 1911 (George Back Row - third from Right) - Roar of the Crowd VFA Grand Finals Marc Fiddian 1987 - Photographer Unknown
VFA Interstate Team 1911 (George Back Row - third from Right) - Roar of the Crowd VFA Grand Finals Marc Fiddian 1987 - Photographer Unknown


In 1912 he missed the VFA grand final, which would have probably been his last game, with an injury, as Footscray went down to Essendon. Before the start of the 1913 season, he retired from VFA football15, but supported his local club and in 1913 coached Yarraville. Yarraville, playing in the second tier Victorian Junior Football Association, had been premiers or minor premiers for seven of the eight previous seasons and under Georges coaching were again runners up.

In 1914 George retired from Football and in 1915 he enlisted in the Army..16 George's WW1 Personal file oddly lists him as 49 years old (in 1915), 10 years older than his actual age, and that he served three months in Egypt in 1915-16 before returning to Australia without a comment in his file.

George Senior died in Footscray in 1948, aged 72.

In 1917, George Junior signed up, he listed his father as next of kin, living at 64 Ballarat Street, Yarraville, maybe half a dozen doors down from Margaret Berlowitz’s Pub. Margaret was Yarraville Football club’s president from 1914-1921 and the pub was a regular meeting point for the local club. It would have been a surprise if George, as an ex coach did not keep in contact.

GEORGE OGILVIE JUNIOR


Echuca (GVFL) 1920
Richmond (VFL) 1920
Footscray (VFA) 1921
Port Melbourne (VFA) 1922-1924
(Sat out Football for 3 Years s required by VFL Permit Committee)
Echuca (BdFL) 1927-1928, 1930-1933
Yarraville (VFA) 1929
Rochester (BdFL) 1934-37
Echuca Imperials 1938

BdFL v VFL 1929, 1934
Yarraville Coach 1929
Echuca Captain 1931 -1932
Echuca Club President 1946
Echuca Vice President 1949, 1951

Army Service and army football in both WW1 and WW2


George grew up with a famous footballing father, first in Bendigo and then in Footscray/Yarraville. His father would have been recognised in the street. This must have had an impression on young George.

World War One

George enlisted in the army when he was 18. His paperwork was completed on the 25th of January 1917 and he embarked for Europe on 8th-August-1917. He was attached to the 3rd Division signals corp and later as a private and Lance Corporal in the 7th Battalion. He spent time in France and England (with an illness). He returned to Australia 13-September-1919. In all he spent two years and nine months in the army. (just under three years)

Image


An article by Richard Jones notes that George played football with the First Division Team captained by Dan Minogue, then an ex-Collingwood player, when he returned from the war, Minogue would be Richmond captain. 17

To date, I can find no record of this, but the story certainly fits. George was to become a great footballer and from mid 1918 he was in 1st Division.

4th from left in Middle row bears a resemblance to George Ogilvie - First Division Football 1919 - Source- AWM E04422
4th from left in Middle row bears a resemblance to George Ogilvie - First Division Football 1919 - Source- AWM E04422



1920 Echuca and Richmond

After returning from the First World War George Ogilvie returned to his home in Yarraville for six weeks, before moving to Richmond for a couple more, before settling in Echuca, to study accountancy at the Technical School.18. 'Oglive a Tower of Strength for the technical school' was an early report that year.19 By the end of the year George had been quickly co-opted into the Echuca team, then competing in the Goulburn Valley League. At the end of the 1920 GVDL season, the Riverine Herald's 'Man on the Fence' gave his review of what was a terrible season for the club (only one win and one draw from twelve games). Ogilive was singled out.....'Oglive was undoubtedly the star performer, and I think, is the best man in the Valley League'. 20

George obviously made an impression and Richmond, captained by Dan Minogue, brought Ogilvie into their team in the VFL finals. 21 year old George Oglive played two games for Richmond in 1920 including the Semi final loss against Carlton as his second game.

1920 Richmond Team (George Middle Row 5th from left) - Source: Rose Stereographs - Charles Leski
1920 Richmond Team (George Middle Row 5th from left) - Source: Rose Stereographs - Charles Leski


George was the selected for Richmond for the 1920 VFL Grand Final, but Carlton protested Oglive's eligibility. The rules stated that players must play for the district that they were zoned to and Yarraville was in the Essendon District. George had signed on at Richmond saying that he had been in the army for three years and therefore eligible to play for Richmond, but this was not true, he was three months short of three years. Carlton won their challenge and George was out, otherwise he would likely have played in Richmond's winning Premiership side. George did celebrate with the Tigers and travelled to Hobart with the Premiers in their end of season trip.21 22

Riverine Herald 1-Oct-1920 p2
Riverine Herald 1-Oct-1920 p2


1921 Footscray


In practice games at the start of the 1921 season Ogilive tried out with Melbourne.23 and played for Melbourne in the Seconds (then called the Junior League) 24 George appealed the Permit Committee ruling but without success25. In June, he transferred to his father's team Footscray, then still in the VFA. Importantly this transfer was without a permit from the League.26 This meant that George could not play for any team associated with the League, such as Echuca.

Ogilive was soon starring with Footscray at Centre Half forward and Centre Half Back. Oglive played in both the 1921 VFA Grand Finals against Williamstown. In the first attempt at the Grand Final, the scores were 4 points different in the third quarter when the game had to be abandoned because of hail27, (the Argus listed Ogilive as one of Footscray's best afield). The second match was won by Williamstown by three points.28


1922-1924 Port Melbourne

1922 saw Ogilive transfer to Port Melbourne29 where his team again made the final. Ogilive played 44 games for Port between 1922 and 1924.

In an extraordinary series of events, just before the 1922 Final, Ogilive said that he received an offer to return to Footscray next season including money for wages and expenses. He reported this to the club, taking this to be a bribe. Soon three other players also reported attempted bribes ( Bill Rudd, Gus Dobrigh, and Bill Walton). Then during the grand final itself, Ogilive reported that he was offered twenty pounds to stop playing. Port won the match, holding on for a two point win, but the bribery scandal marred to memory of the game.30 31 32 In the case of Ogilive’s accusations, because the attempt on the field was not overheard by anyone else, the case was dropped for lack of evidence. In the case of the other players, Vern Banbury an ex-Footscray player (and Footscray Hall of Fame Member) was found guilty and banned for life, but allegations against current officials and players were found not guilty.

“When it was known that Footscray and Port Melbourne would have to play off in the grand final match fresh interest was aroused In the competition, but no one anticipated that any other consideration but football would enter into the contest. Ten days ago G. Ogilvie, who played with Footscray last year, is said to have received an invitation to re-join Footscray next season, so that he might play with the new League team. He says that he was offered £6 a week for his services and £3 a week for expenses, and was further asked to visit Footscray, so that any soreness over his leaving the club might be removed. He communicated these facts to the secretary of Port Melbourne (Mr C.V. Sinclair) and being advised not to go near Footscray did not keep the appointment.” - Record (Emerald Hill) 30-Sep-1922 p2


In 1923 Ogilive continued to play for Port Melbourne, travelling down from the country each week.33 34 After completing his course, George worked as an accountant in Bendigo before starting a practice in Echuca in 1925.35

The 1923 Argus lists Ogilive in the centre line of Port Melbourne’s Grand Final team where they were defeated by rivals Footscray.36

In 1924 Ogivie again played for Port Melbourne but toward the end of the season he resigned from the club, citing the strain of weekly travel from Echuca and his hope of obtaining a local position. The Argus noted his resignation with the comment:

"Ogilvie has been engaged for the last three seasons with Port Melbourne and in form is one of the best players in Association football."37


Requiring a win against Footscray to have a chance at the finals, the Port Melbourne Secretary convinced Ogilvie to continue. His final games against Footscray occurred among the swirling rumours that Footscray would move to the VFL the following season. Putting that aside, Ogilivie played well in a rough game and was named as Port’s best player by the Age newspaper. Ports though lost the game and their chance in the finals.38 Following the game, Ogilvie was censured for striking a Footscray player, but as he no longer intended to play in the Association, this would not matter.39

The following week Ogilive again was in trouble for striking and his last weeks in the VFA were not happy ones.40

Argus 25-Aug-1924 p10
Argus 25-Aug-1924 p10


In Richard Jones biography on the footyalmanac website, he notes that George "won the Sporting Globe Medal as the VFA’s leading player in 1922-23-24."41 Not a bad accolade.

1925-1927 Forced to Sit out

At a VFL Umpires and permits committee meeting, the Essendon delegate moved that George Ogilvie be allowed to play for Echuca. At the same time Footscray, now a League member, asked that their three ex-League players (including ex Geelong great Alec Eason), be allowed to play for them. Unfortunately the ruling was that all players had to step down from football for three years as they had, according to the Fitzroy delegate, ‘deliberately flouted the League’ .42

The decision was not popular in Echuca and a petition with 2000 names was conveyed to the League but again to no avail.43 On the bright side for Echuca the same meeting saw North Melbourne player Les Kew Ming’s application to transfer to Echuca be accepted. Kew Ming would be a key part of the Echuca team in the coming years.

"L.Kew Ming who has purchased a business in Echuca, and has received his clearance from North Melbourne was granted permission to play with the Echuca club."44

So George Ogilvie sat out of Football for nearly three years. One of the best players of the game spent some of his best years unable to play. For Echuca, a team in need of quality players, it must have been frustrating to have George in town when their own team needed him badly. George still played cricket, and in April 1927 the Argus could report that George topped the batting and bowling averages in the Echuca Cricket Association, playing for the Footballer’s team.45

In mid June 1927 Port Melbourne officially transferred Ogilvie to Echuca, but this meant nothing without the approval of the League.46 Finally in late June 1927 the disqualifications from 1924 were lifted by the League and Ogilvie was able to play. Alec Eason’s ban was also lifted though at 37 was past playing. The Argus reported that ‘So great was the interest in Oglivies case that the remit of his application was broadcast from 3LO for the benefit of Echuca residents.’ 47

After nearly 6 years of exile, Ogilvie was in the Echuca team that Saturday. Sadly he soon tore a thigh muscle and had to sit out another month due to the injury.48

1927-1937 The Bendigo League

Echuca won their first BdFL Premiership in 1928 defeating Castlemaine by two points in the Grand Final. It was a great year for the town as they also won the country week cricket (where George also was a member of the team).

George was a key part of the Echuca team.

George Ogilvie again had a dominating influence in the centre, and was the pivot of Echuca's attack repeatedly. He proved too good for his man and was one of the topnotchers for the day, Ogilvie often wanders far afleld and it is not uncommon occurrence for him to bag a goal or two - Riverine Herald 2-Aug-1928 p2


George did not get to play in the final, having copped a suspension for striking. but Kevin O'Neill, Len Wigraft, Les Kewming and Harry Comte were some of the other big names on the Echuca team in the final. Although his missed the biggest game in Echuca's history, George played for the Bendigo League in their game against the VFL, George and Ted Esposito were named as Bendigo's best players. George kicked five goals.49

George created a huge shock, when after waiting so long to return to football, he took up the role of Captain/Coach at Yarraville in 1929 but George had spent a number of years at Yarraville in his younger days, and his father had once had the same role. Yarraville ended 1928 in 6th position on the ladder, and under George the team was in the top four with George often nominated as one of the teams best players.50 But internal conflict saw George resign in late June. At that stage Yarraville had 8 wins form 11 games. Yarraville ended the season in 7th position with 11 wins from 22 games.

Riverine Herald 27-Jun-1929 p2 Resignation
Riverine Herald 27-Jun-1929 p2 Resignation


George played for Echuca in the second half of the season and was again suspended, this time in a dust up in the final game of the season, against South Bendigo.

Argus 30-Sep-1929 p7
Argus 30-Sep-1929 p7


1930 saw George back again. The Riverine Herald as usual full of praise:

"Ogilvie is quickly getting into form, and, as is natural to him, tries to do two men's share all the time. 'Oge' plays "all out" all the time." - Riverine Herald 4-Jun-1930 p3


By 1931 George was captain coach.

"Special praise is due to George Ogilvie, the enthusiastic captain and coach , for the very effective manner in which he organised his side. Full of dash and determination, he gave one of his best games to date and set an excellent example to the team." - Riverine Herald 31-Jul-1931 p3


Weekly Times 4Jul1931 Echuca (Def By Sth Bendigo)
Weekly Times 4Jul1931 Echuca (Def By Sth Bendigo)


Unfortunately the Great Depression had a large effect on Echuca as young people looked for work, the number willing to play football dropped. In 1934 only a few years after their great premiership, the club could no longer find enough quality players to compete successfully in the Bendigo League. It was proposed that the club continue in the local Echuca League, and George spoke against the dissolution of the club, but the vote went the other way and in February 1934, the Echuca Club was disolved.51

George Ogilvie - Bendigo Advertiser 29Jul19234 p7
George Ogilvie - Bendigo Advertiser 29Jul19234 p7


Echuca's players split up to find new homes, and George was elected Captain/Coach of neighbours and arch rivals Rochester.52 George stayed at Rochester until the end of the 1937 season.

George Ogilvie - Bendigo Advertiser 25Jun1934 p7
George Ogilvie - Bendigo Advertiser 25Jun1934 p7


In 1935 George was still good enough to be one of Rochester's representatives in the combined Bendigo League v VFL match. Playing with other greats such as Bob McCaskill (Sandhurst), Ted Esposito, (Eaglehawk) and Doug Strang (Kyneton). George was again listed as one of Bendigo's best on the day.

In 1936 George was a member of Rochester's Grand Final Team which went down to Eaglehawk, and as usual George was among the best of his team. 53

George retired from the Bendigo League and played for Echuca Imperials in the local Echuca League in 1938.

World War Two and Beyond


After serving in World War One, George again signed up twenty years later at the start of World War Two. Still playing football, George played in the widely publicised knockout competition in Darwin in 1941.54 This seems to be the last record of George's Footballing days.

After the War George became a public figure in Echuca and acted as Mayor and was for many years involved in Council life.

George Ogilvie 1954 - Riverine Herald 11-Aug-1954 p1
George Ogilvie 1954 - Riverine Herald 11-Aug-1954 p1


George contributed to rebuilding the Echuca Football club after it’s collapse before the war. George served as club President in 1946 and Vice President in 1949 and 1951. He was probably responsible for the Yarraville club's visit to the town in 1948. He also served for a time as Selector and Echuca’s delegate at Bendigo League meetings.

In 1946-1947, a new generation also took the field as George's sons started a new story playing with Echuca.

Though this article hass ignored it until now, George and his father were also quality cricketers. George Junior played for the combined Bendigo League against England in 1929, bowling the great Bert Sutcliffe, but as an oppener out cheaply, bowled by Larwood.55 In 1932 George was a member of the Fire Brigade team that won the Interstate competition in Wagga. 56 In 1954 he was also local bowls champion.57

George died of a heart attack in 1957, sadly ending a lifelong involvement in football. George was not forgotten by the local football community, with the George Ogilvie Trophy introduced for games between Echuca and Rochester. Later, George was an inaugural selection in the Bendigo Football League Hall of Fame.

Final Notes

The Georges and two great football stories. Both worthy as being recognised in the top tier of footballers of their generation.

THE END

This article could not have been written without reference to:
Jones Files: George Ogilvie, ex-Echuca and Rochester, a true Bendigo league great, July 17, 2009 by Richard Jones


Boyles Website Newsletter

Just us sending out an email when we post a new article.
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End Notes


1. Inaugral inductees in 1986: Graham Arthur, Ron Best, Wally Culpitt, Kevin Curran, Reg Ford, Eddie Esposito, George Ilsley, Bob McCaskill, Alan Martin, Alf Odgers, Peter Moroni, George Ogilvie, Clive Philp, Colin Rice, Peter Pianto, Tony Southcombe, Fred Swift, Alan Williams, Greg Williams, Herb Zegelin. - Source: http://www.bendigoadvertiser.com.au/story/2117305/bfnl-to-hold-hall-of-fame-night/
2. PORT MELBOURNE OUT TO BUILD UP A PREMIER TEAM. (1938, April 9). Record (Emerald Hill, Vic. : 1881 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164494525
3. SPORTING NOTES. (1895, May 7). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 4. Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88953032
4. FOOTBALL NOTES. (1897, June 5). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88974220
5. FOOTBALL. MELBOURNE V. BENDIGO. (1897, June 10). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 7. Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9186814
6. BENDIGO DISQUALIFICATIONS. (1907, August 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10146253
7. FIRE IN LILAC-STREET. (1909, January 25). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 7. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89401957
8. CRICKET. (1909, March 22). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 5. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89407355
9. FOOTBALL. (1910, June 18). Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73476831
10. V.F.A. (1909, August 28). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 23. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139685367
11. METROPOLITAN MATCHES. (1912, May 20). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89910821
12. FOOTBALL NOTES. (1911, June 10). Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73478289
13. VICTORIA v. SOUTH AUS. (1911, June 16). North Melbourne Courier and West Melbourne Advertiser (Vic. : 1895 - 1913), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106319699
14. FOOTBALL. (1911, July 10). Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924), p. 7. Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article105321991
15. FOOTBALL. (1913, April 12). Independent (Footscray, Vic. : 1883 - 1922), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73481108
16. EX-FOOTBALLER ENLISTS. (1915, April 17). Weekly News (Yarraville) (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119677045
18. ECHUCA'S NEW MAYOR. (1945, August 30). Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic. : Moama, NSW : 1869 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116616546
19. SPORTING. FOOTBALL. (1920, May 6). Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic. : Moama, NSW : 1869 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115164849
20. SPORTING. (1920, September 17). Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic. : Moama, NSW : 1869 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115169198
21. FOOTBALL TROUBLES. (1920, September 18). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 24. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4583180
22. RICHMOND PLAYER DEBARRED. (1920, October 1). Riverine Herald (Echuca, Vic. : Moama, NSW : 1869 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115169698
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